www.quantum-engines.com About small modifications of Einstein’s Relativity Theory based on faster-than-light neutrino experiments (OPERA) and Dark Energy phenomena!
in 2013, Peter Higgs was appointed as nobel prize winner for Physics. Since then, a world-wide interest came up to understand the powerful meaning of Higgs’ ideas and theories without stretching complicated Mathematics too much. It was Albert Einstein who made Physics tangible for media and non-academia by describing Mathematics with simple daily-life examples.
But how far can we go by doing this without misleading the audience? In other words, is Dark Energy just the consequence of mathematical simplification? It looks like our cosmological models are fishing nets with grid levels good enough to model planets and galaxies, but fail to analyse fish, biological existence and science itself - just to give another simplified picture.
Nowadays in Theoretical Physics, phenomena in scales of Astrophysics are analysed with mathematical models developed in Particle Physics. This leads to contradictions in the scale of 10e100 and shows that our traditional way of doing science is no longer reliable, as we simply expanded the human reference space-time scale in our mathematical models to a degree were inaccuracies occur in the same dimension and make all analysis arbitrary and trivial. Whenever you measure infinite distance by zero-distance meter chains, you will find infinity again.
Measurement and observation is executed by humans, but describes space-time scales of phenomena far beyond human perception, such as Atoms, Big Bang, the birth of suns and galaxies and a long list of other scientific models. You might say, we have a lot of succesful new technologies such as Satellite Systems, Nano-Technologies, etc. based on these models, so why bother about our way of doing science? Because Einstein taught us to question everything, as long as it does not contradict Physical Measurement, this is true for Special Relativity as well.
Whenever we find measurement of faster-than-light phenomena, we have to question Special Relativity in the same way Einstein questioned Newton, modifying his Excellence for motions approaching light-speed. This type of modification is discussed here, just some surprising questions which might help to overcome dogmatic restrictions of Einsteins thoughts, more than 100 years ago. You will see, it is time to modify Einstein in the same way he modified Newton.
These discussions are presented in the following web-site. www.quantum-engines.com was developed as an open innovation platform for faster-than-standard-light (ftsl) space flights based on Modified Relativity (MORE).
I am fully aware, that Physics does not allow to transport information and matter faster than light, but it will be shown that this only refers to our humanized and historically determined average light speed, measured within a very limited historic period of human science, at least when it comes to space-time scales of light-years used in Astrophysics. Let me describe this by going back to Astronomy pioneers measuring light speed.
When Olaf Roemer started his pioneering measurements of light speed in 1678, he found that light travels as fast as 212000 km/s. This was more than 300 years ago with an inaccuracy of 30% compared to exact light speed figures today, usually approximated as 300.000 km/s. Nowadays, after laser interferometric measurements were introduced, light speed could be determinated to an unbelievable degree of accuracy.
This convinced Physicists to replace the former reference meter bar, located in Paris, and even to replace the definition of time in seconds by a new reference system, which became
LIGHT SPEED - the only absolute and fixed SI unit, by definition having 0% error !!!
This fixed value for light speed c refers to highly sophisticated laboratory measurements on Earth, therefore one should call it standard light speed. The foundation for this re-definition of space and time is Einstein’s Special Relativity, which is well-proven by numerous lab-experiments. But the reference system of 0% error for average light speed c only holds true, when you compare measurements using traditional meter bars (see Paris Standardization History) and laser interferometry. In case, Physics measures light speed with different, similarly highly sophisticated lab equipments as laser interferometric ones, the error is >0%. This can be simplified by introducing the following two equations
Equation (1) c_average= c (+/-) 0%
Equation (2) c_opera = c_average + dc, with dc>0%.
These equations summarize the outstanding, but by media perception failed, CERN OPERA experiment and will be discussed in further details in the following web-page. The OPERA team announced findings of faster-than-light neutrino beams, where standard light speed was compared to fast arrival times measured on time-of-flight equipment 730 km away from the neutrino source. This is fully in line with scientific discussions of Physicists in the early 1990ties, when world-wide teams found fast-arrival-times of so called BALLISTIC PHOTONS sent with ultra-short laser pulses into biological tissues for medical imaging research.
Exactly during this time, I was working 12 hours in a LASER lab in Berlin (Germany) setting up Photon Imaging equipment doing the related data analysis for Cancer Research. OPERA was not yet a topic, but fast-arrival time of ballistic photons already was and had a strong impact on my thermo-dynamic theory describing Quantum Vacuum fluctuations.
20 years later, now working as Business Development Manager and team leader for Telecom Industry at 2010 Shanghai EXPO, still attracted by Quantum Physics, I started to work on a slight modification of Einstein’s Relativity Theory, because I considered the restrictions of light speed in Special Relativity a “mental straitjacket”. Thus, I looked for a modifiaction keeping Einstein’s brilliance untouched, but allowing minuscule error estimations. I looked for something similar to what Einstein developed by modifying Newton, which one can write as dc >0% for ballistic photons, see Equation 2, but which is still Special Relativity for all other phenomena.
It took me some more years to define this modification, the missing link was the CERN OPERA findings. Their publication of fast-arrival-time allowed me to develop the here presented Modification of Special Relativity (MORE). MORE just follows the path of Einstein describing a slight modification for extremely sensitive time-of-flight experiments such as at CERN of occuring within ballistic photon lab conditions.
For those interested in mathematical details and Physics behind Equation (1) and (2), you will find all full version in PDF clicking on MORE and again on the sub-page MORE. There you will find details how the introduction of CERN OPERA maximum light speed (c_max) compared to standard light speed (c) can modify Special Relativity without contradicting the basic Einstein findings.
Relative to space-time scales of Meter and Second the definition of 0% error was resonable, but there are phenomena were this assumption restricts Physics to dogmatic interpretations which lead to serious contradictions. The presented "Modification of Special Relativity” (MORE)" will discuss such consequences by linking MORE to Dark Energy studies, and from there how to design future space missions faster-than-light speed using matter-free quantum vacuum oscillations transporting information instead of mass.
The presented paper reflects discussions I had with space scientists in Beijing, analysing problems of experimental inaccuracies when measuring light speed far away from Earth. Future satellites circling within extreme vacuum conditions, almost matter free and out of space, might be the key application to overcome light speed restrictions.
Applying the elaborated modified relativity theory, future scientists might be able to launch nano-chip space-vessels (NCS), even faster than standard light speed. High energy pulse laser and particle accelerators could become alternative propulsion systems for those future NCS space shuttle. Details for launching such next generation space missions will be described in this web-portal within the next months, reflecting further discussions with other experts and scientists. In case you feel attracted to participate in these discussions, you are welcome to join by contributing with comments and further ideas.
The section "Nano-Genetics" is just a vision about transforming real biological lives into microscopic information codes. These small codes of information can be implemented into nano-chips before being accelerated by particle accelerators or pulse laser beams. Quantum engineering is needed to construct such NCS laser space ships, but many foundations to design a promising road map were laid in the past years. International cooperation will be a must, as space budgets would be too high to launch the required research by one national space agency alone. Therefore, one can expect more and more international cooperation projects in space research, as already established for the International Space Station (ISS) or the planned Mars mission.
The last section is about “the evacuation of Life-On-Earth” and the space mission to far-away Exo-Planets, where humans can survive the “Death of Sun, Earth and Solar System”. Even though this period is foreseen in billions of years, we should start to think about it in the same way as we think about climate change. Our powerful Sun and all its beautiful planets, including our Blue Earth Juwel, is supposed to die and the future generation has the right find a new home, as “survival motivated” migration is the fundamental huma right of all generations in the past.
Therefore, Exo-Planets became a very active topic of astrophysical research and many planets were already discovered during the last decades. The main problem remains the distance of light-years and propulsion systems still too limited to start space missions to Exo-Planets. But here again, innovative ideas and new research initiatives have to discussed to start exploration missions to Exo-Planets directly, not only by observation with telescopes and optical instruments.
The Web-Page is a living diary of my ideas, it neither completed nor perfect. In case you like it or have comments and contributions, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you want to use some information for your own research or publications, please respect the copy-right regulations, which apply to all content published here. Feel free to use my ideas, just inform me doing it.